The Searl's generator is well known. It had been put forward as early as the year 1946 and now there exists a firm that works on its perfection and application. Nobody is questioning its existence. There are working sites of this project and of the project's author, demonstrating working versions of the generator. The Searl's generator may be used as an engine and as an alternating voltage generator. The shortcomings that hamper its practical application, are as follows
1) The magnetic material used there is manufactured according to a technology which is difficult to repeat,
2) The method used for magnetizing this material is empirical, where magnetizing is performed by a "mixture" of direct and alternating current
2) The sources of motive force, electromagnetic field and energy are unclear.
So, there is no theory which would have allowed to reproduce with confidence the production technology, to calculate the parameters of this generator, or to restore its working condition. . Nevertheless it may serve as a protototype of the presented device, for it actually makes use of the electromagnetic phenomenon for its functioning and does not need a an external energy source (engine, accumulator), i.e., it is autonomous.
The closest to this proposal is the invention of Roschin and Godin in Russia. The device created on the base of this invention includes a starting engine and a load (for example, a generator rotated by the main generator). All the three machines are connected by joint axle, but the starting axle and the load are connected with the axle through electric clutches which permit to connect\disconnect with the axle "on the move". The main generator contains stator and rotor with rollers, joint by common separator. Stator and rollers are made of permanent magnets. The shortcomings of this device are:
The theory presented below gives an explanation to the principles of functioning for the described prototypes and permits to develop other devices which differ fundamentally from these generators. The proposed device has no rotating rollers, the permanent magnets are made from well known magnetic materials, and the magnetizing method is also quite common. Thus, the proposed device is much simpler than the prototype by its construction and manufacturing technology. At the same time, due to the commonness of theoretical background of our generator with its prototypes, the experiments with it serve as an experimental confirmation of our theory and of the device itself.
Fig. 1 shows the photo of working Searl's generator, taken on the site
In Russia a complicated and expensive device had been developed on the base of the same principles (Roschin and Godin).
The generator's construction is based on the discovery of Searl's effect – that the interaction of a multitude of magnets located on the stator and the rotor, leads to the rotor's rotation. Fig. 3 shows some illustrations of the generator's design.
Several phenomenological effects may be marked in the Searl's generator functioning – the Searl's effects. Most interesting of them are::
1. a certain force making the rotor rotate comes into existence;
2. there is an unknown source of energy;
3. an electromagnetic field is generated;
4. the generator is cooling down.
In Roshchin-Godin device one more unexpected effect may be noticed:
5. around the generator an alternating electromagnetic field is generated – so called magnetic walls, which also is cooling down.
There exists one more project – the Reed's engine. Fig. 3 shows an outline of this engine, and in Appendix 8 the patent for this engine is cited.
This theory made possible to develop projects of alternate, less complicated generators, differing from the Searl's generator in its construction and in the magnetic materials manufacturing technology.